Kids learn through colours. Just take a look at brightly coloured, toys, pens and crayons for children and you will come to understand that colour influences so much – including learning, development and creativity.
We know that children take in the world around them through their eyes, and bright colours are one of the first aspects of sight that help them distinguish form and catalogue objects.
Bright colours appeal to young children, as they are easier for them to see. Research shows that children spend more time looking at bright colours as opposed to looking at muted shades or pastels.
Colour Affects Mood and Behaviour
Studies conducted clearly demonstrate the benefits of colours where the development of the brain, creativity, productivity and learning are concerned. Colour has also been known to affect their moods and behaviour.
At about 5-months old, children can see colours with their still-developing vision. Distinguishing bright colours comes easier to them. Sight is one of the most important senses that connects us to the world. Light and colour have a big effect on us.
As children age, they continue to be drawn to brighter colours. The links in the brain are not completed in a child until 5 to 6 years of age and they take one more year to mature. Due to not being able to read and write at this age kids tend to rely more on visual material to establish communication – colours becomes an important tool of expression.
Primary Colours Appeal to Children
Children tend to be attracted to the bright block colours. Primary colours red, yellow and blue, and secondary colours green, orange and purple, are more appealing than light shades of pink and beige or neutral shades of grey and brown.
Colours are a common used tool by children to express their emotions and thoughts. Although the preferences of children show a general commonality based on age group, their colour choices can differ based on their moods, the way they express themselves and their feelings.
Teachers and parents may consider the ways in which colour affects children’s moods when they design their classrooms or bedrooms.
Learning and Memory
Depending on the situation they are used in, colours can give rise to positive or negative effects. According to Colour Meanings, different colours can impact learning and memory in kids:
- Blue -Blue enhances creativity and stimulates a cool and relaxing environment. It should not be used in excess as it can also depress or invoke feelings of sorrow.
- Red – Red is the colour of passion and strong feelings of threat, love, or excess stimulus. In school rooms it can be used in combination with other colours as it can help in detail oriented or repetitive tasks.
- Yellow – This is indeed the colour of happiness and sunshine for children. Yellow stimulates intelligence and is ideal for use in kids’ rooms, study rooms and play areas. It should not be overdone as it can make children feel stressed.
- Green -The colour of abundance can relax and contribute to better health in kids.
- Pink -This is a calming colour. It can lower heart rate.
- Purple -This colour ideal for kids as it is attention grabbing.
- Orange – Many educational institutes use this colour as it enhances critical thinking and memory. Test rooms in this colour are known to enhance performance in exams.